Four Peaks to Hike in Switzerland
Do you like to travel around Europe and hike to the very top of a mountain peaks? Then you should take an adventure to Switzerland, where 60% of the country’s landscape is mountains. There are 48 peaks above 4,000 meters, and above 1,800 glaciers. Let SUISSEPIC tell you about some of Switzerland’s famous peaks.
Zermatt, Canton of Valais
Yes, we shall start with the Matterhorn, which is a national landmark of Switzerland. This particular peak is located in the western part of the Pennine Alps, which are the mountain range in the western part of the Alps between Switzerland and Italy. The shape of the peak is also unique as it is in the form of a right triangle, and towers over 4,478 m above sea level. The German for Matterhorn Because of its breathtaking beauty, t he Matterhorn is greatly loved worldwide by global trotters and hikers, and is one of the most photographed mountains in the world.
The word Matterhorn is German and can be derived from the two words – “meadow” and “peak”. The first ascent up the great peak was in 1865, when seven travelers climbed up the mountain. There are no cable cars or elevators that take people right to the top of the Matterhorn. However, there are several great vantage points around Zermatt. SUISSEPIC would recommend the Gornergrat (3,089 m) and the Matterhorn Glacier Paradise (3,883 m) to enjoy the picturesque mountain scenery.
The Matterhorn is a must for everyone traveling to Switzerland!
Zermatt, Canton of Valais
The Dufour Peak (Dufourspitze) is the highest peak in Switzerland exceeding 4,600 m above sea level. Covered by ice, this crowning peak is one of the ten summits of the majestic Monte-Rosa massif. The first official ascent up the western summit was achieved on August 1, 1855 by English alpinists led by Charles Hudson. In 1863, the peak was named after Guillaume Henri Dufour, a Swiss engineer, army general, inventor of the military topographic maps of Switzerland, and co-founder of the Red Cross.
Diavolezza, Canton of Graubunden
Piz Bernina (Pizzo Bernina) is the highest mountain of the Eastern Alps, and the highest point of the Bernina Range. It towers about 4,049 m above sea level in the Engadin Valley. This peak is located near the fabulous alpine resort of St. Moritz, and separates two glaciers – Tschierva Glacier and Morteratsch Glacier.
This particular mountain peak takes its name from the Bernina Pass and Piz, which in local Swiss dialect means massif. In 1850, Johann Coaz and his assistants reached the Piz and named the peak.
Piz Bernina is a popular peak and frequently attended by climbers. There are at least 15 climbing routes. If you want to see the snow-covered peak and take in the breathtaking view, you can do it from the Diavolezza cable car station, or start your ascent it from at least one of the 15 hiking routes.
Canton of Bern
The Jungfrau has inspired dozens of poets and painters over the centuries. Rising about 4,158 m above sea level, the Jungfrau is the third largest mountain of the famous Bernese Alps. The name Jungfrau is a derivative from the name Jungfrauenberg, which was given by the nuns of the Interlaken Monastery. When translated from German, Jungfrau means “maiden, virgin”.
The first ascent up the Jungfrau was in 1811 by the brothers Johann Rudolf and Hieronymus Meyer. Nowadays, this mountain is a great tourist attraction overlooking the Bernese Oberland. This beautiful mountain is not difficult to climb, so sportsmen should be able to run to the top of it. Every autumn, runners from around the world come to the Canton of Bern to compete in the Jungfrau marathon. The closest one can get to the Jungfrau is by the famous Jungfraujoch, the highest railway station in Europe at 3,454 m above sea level, and is often referred to as the “Top of Europe”.