On 1st of August Switzerland celebrate its National Day. This date was first announced in 1891 but became an official holiday in 1994.
The 1st of August was chosen as the date of Federal Charter of 1291, Pacte du Rütli, which placed in “early August”. Three Alpine cantons Schwyz, Uri and Unterwald swore the oath of confederation. This was later announced as the founding of Switzerland.
Usually on 1st August the Swiss hold celebrations with fireworks, paper lanterns and hanging flags. Thousands of locals and foreigners attend these events in major Swiss cities Zurich, Basel, Geneva, Bern and Lugano. However, regarding expatica.com, main celebrations take place at the Rhine Falls near Schaffhausen and at the Ruetli Meadows alongside Lake Lucerne.
- National Day of Switzerland was announced as a public holiday as the result of referendum. This initiative got the support of 83.8% voters.
- People are the souvereign of Switzerland. They have a right to vote, which they get at the age of 18.
- Swiss citizens vote at least 4 times a year.
- Women in Switzerland got the right to vote during the referendum, held in February 1971. The previous referendum on that matter was in 1959 and was rejected by 67% of men.
- In the canton of Glarus and Appenzell Innerrhoden people participate in open-air assembly to realize thir right to vote.
- Information about pending referendums can be found at the website of administration
- Popular things invented by the Swiss: Muesli, chocolate, WWW, solar impulse, Swiss knife, panthenol, cellophane, bobsleigh, electric toothbrush, velcro